Solar storms are invisible, but they are capable of knocking down entire communications networks, and considering that the peak of the 11-year activity cycle of our Sun is expected by 2025, NASA wants to be prepared.
It is not necessary to go back so far in time, specifically to 1859, when one of the solar storms most intense in history, an event known as Carrington that caused the telegraph stations of the time to burn.
If an event of this Carrington scale occurred today and reached Earth, it would be capable of knocking out many modern technologies and could collapse the world’s population.
That is why the POT has created a new model powered by artificial intelligence to prepare for these solar storms by issuing an early warning.
By name DAGGERis an AI-based model that is combined with NASA satellite data to predict hazardous space weather like these solar storms.
The good thing about this model is that it can generate forecasts quickly and they are updated every minute.
This is how DAGGER technology works
Thanks to the DAGGER technology, measurements of the solar wind, that is, a stream of charged particles emanating from the sun, can be examined.
Following this measurement, artificial intelligence can predict where an impending solar storm will hit anywhere on Earth 30 minutes in advance.
To test its validity, they tested it through two geomagnetic storms that occurred in August 2011 and March 2015, being able to predict the impacts of these storms around the world quickly and accurately.
“With this AIit is now possible to make fast and accurate global predictions and inform decisions in the event of a solar storm, minimizing, or even avoiding, the devastation of modern society“, it states Vishal Upendran from the Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of India.
NASA adds that “one day there might be mermaids solar storm to sound an alarm at power plants and satellite control centers around the world, just as tornado sirens sound before threatening the earth’s weather in cities”.